The basic idea of software product integration is to integrate all the separate components, combining them for a bigger working system. Reports say that the data integration tools market will grow to $2.2 billion by the year 2010. Product integration software solves the critical business problems for a company having various external interactions and systems that are used by customers and stakeholders to complete multiple processes.
There are various practices, standards and models being followed in the software product integration market. Some of the best practices and models are discussed below:
ISO/IEC 12207: The main objective of ISO/IEC 12207 is to provide the software market with a guideline for software life cycle process. It contains the various processes, tasks and models that constitute a software life cycle and thus help in the planning, development, operation and maintenance of the software products. It also gives valuable guide for the acquisition, purchase and supply of the software products, services and systems. ISO/IEC 12207 consists of two parts. The first part is all about integration of software units or components into specific software items that can be integrated into a bigger system. Second part consists of system integration tasks, to integrate the software into the system and testing its viability.
IEEE Std 1220-1998: IEEE Std 1220-1998 provides comprehensive guidelines for the software product development companies for careful planning of product development, operation, maintenance and disposal stages of a product. It also considers health and environmental risks. System integration and testing is one of the main components of IEEE Std 1220-1998.
EIA-632: The main objective of this standard is to provide software developers an overview of processes that assist in engineering a system. The use of this standard would enable development of requirements to enable delivery (of systems and solutions) in a cost-effective and timely way. The various practices mentioned here guide the developers to plan and execute tasks so as to retain interest of all the stakeholders.
CMMI, version 1.1: CMMI or Capability Maturity Model Integration focuses on the best practices for product and systems engineering. The model includes areas covering the full product life cycle and for product development, maintenance and operation. CMMI aims at process improvement and optimum utilization of resources. CMMI focuses on product integration, interface comparability and assembling of the products and services to get optimum results.
Software product integration is the latest industry buzzword to achieve that sustainable revenue and growth and it is going to gain importance in coming years.
Source by Kathleen Chester
The British comic writer Terry Pratchett once wrote that you could tell that his office was a paperless office because you could see paper everywhere. Classrooms, like offices, will never be 100% free of papers, but integrating technology in the classroom is making the idea of a “paperless” classroom more feasible. How much easier would your job as a teacher be if you didn’t have a multitude of papers, books, black line masters, flash cards, attendance rolls, notes-to-send-home-to-parents, handouts and quiz sheets to cope with? Technology in the classroom is becoming more and more extensive. It would be a rare classroom today that doesn’t have at least one PC or laptop set up with a good internet connection, possibly even wireless, and nearly every classroom has its own VCR or DVD player, or at least, there’s a player that’s shared between two or three classrooms, depending on who’s using it today. Some classrooms have multiple computers, and some even have data projectors. Certainly, most schools would have a computer lab where each pupil can work individually on a computer.
Education at all levels today is becoming more and more computerised, so it is vital that your students don’t get left behind and they know how to use digital tools. They’ll be using them throughout their education, throughout their careers and throughout their lives, so the elementary classroom becomes a great place for them to get familiar with and start training in technology.
What are some easy ways that you can integrate technology and cut down on the amount of paper that you have floating around your classroom?
Use a spreadsheet for attendance. Once you’ve called the roll, you can email the result of who is and isn’t here to the secretary, or let him/her access it via the school’s intranet.
Use webquests instead of textbooks for some subjects. If you haven’t used them before, a webquest is an online teaching tool that sets your students various tasks that will require online research to be done. The best ones include helpful links to sites that can help in research. You can create your own customised webquests for your class.
Use computer games instead of flash cards for drilling your students in time tables and spelling words. You can use online computer games or buy software for doing this. One of the better ones for multiplication is Times Attack from multiplication.com, which has the look and feel of a classic dungeon-style first-person-shooter game but provides an intensive drill in times tables.
Use videos and DVDs instead of textbooks to explain a concept. Videos and DVDs can also take the place of information handouts. Better still, online video clips can be used, and your students have the chance to re-view these as part of their revision.
Have your students submit papers and essays online. This prevents the “Didn’t you get it? I’m sure I turned it in” or “My printer jammed” excuses and prepares them for college which uses online school work submissions extensively. If you’re worried about plagiarism, which is one of the pitfalls of modern technology in the classroom, then sign up for Copyscape, a cheap and fast online service, which will let you see if anybody has created an essay by by someone else.
Don’t let the words “integrating technology” scare you. It’s not as hard as you might think, and you don’t have to get a paperless classroom overnight. And if you have used a video in teaching before, then, you have some of the basic skills already.
Source by Kimberly Stohlman
SharePoint 2010 has many advantages over online computing services such as Box.net. Increase of user productivity is a clear outcome thanks to the ease with which they can access the information and documentation across multiple devices. Box.net may be able to offer similar access to data stored on their servers, but Microsoft can offer more by virtue of the fact that they produce the most widely proliferated set of business and office storage and productivity solutions. Businesses using Microsoft products beginning with SharePoint enjoy superior integration between its file storage and sharing systems and Microsoft Office Suite.
This integration includes unprecedented access to editing and publishing on SharePoint sites, either from inside the firewall of the company where the data originates or outside the firewall. This, in turn, allows cooperation, teamwork, and sharing between businesses looking to maximize the effectiveness of their partnerships. This is not something with which Box.net and similar services can effectively compete.
SharePoint 2010 has another advantage in that it is already familiar to many IT professionals. The updated version has adopted the new Office Ribbon UI, making it easier for users to work with the powerful capabilities SharePoint has to offer. The fact that most companies are already accustomed to working with Microsoft products leads to an ease of use that Box.net is unable to offer. In the business world, a short learning curve means lower overhead and heightened productivity. That translates directly to cost savings over adopting a third-party application like Box.net.
Prior to the release of SharePoint 2010, Box.net had carved out a small piece of the enormous business solutions pie by beating Microsoft to the punch in mobile offerings. Now that Microsoft has begun offering the same level of mobile connectivity as Box.net and other newcomers, SharePoint should be in a position to retain its dominance of the office solutions market.
In truth, the comparisons between a start-up like Box.net and industry Goliath are hardly fair. It is another case of the age-old comparison of apples versus oranges. SharePoint and the Microsoft Office Suite offer the kind of resources only an industry leader can. A service like Box.net is years away from even being close to duplicating the level of integration and cost savings companies demand from their solution providers. Due in large part to the deep integration capabilities, SharePoint 2010 can promote cost efficiency by allowing the IT department of a given company to do much more without increasing IT budgets. By optimizing existing resources, Microsoft SharePoint 2010 can drastically lower the real costs of development and management of innovative business productivity solutions.
Source by Chandra Heitzman
Let’s take a quick look and analyze your position in the Supply Chain. You are either the one driving the truck, the one pumping the gas, or the one paying the other two. It does not matter if you are a vendor, supplier, manufacturer, dealer, service supplier or customer, the cost of freight either impacts the amount you charge, the amount you are reimbursed or the price you pay. It is safe to assume that you are the center of the universe for your personal Supply Chain and that suppliers and customers revolve around your business. That was easy, now let’s move on.
A zeitgeist must first understand how the threads of history have been woven to reflect the patchwork quilt of the current generation, and only then endeavor to peer into the next. Let’s take a moment to contrast emerging communication technologies as reflected with Supply Chain Solutions and transportation.
The Pony Express
The famous Pony Express operated from April 1860 to November 1861. The cost of mail was $5 per 1/2 ounce, later reduced to $1 per 1/2 ounce. The quickest run took 7 days and 17 hours to carry President Lincoln’s inaugural address from St. Joseph, Missouri to Sacramento, California.
In 1825, British inventor William Sturgeon exhibited a device that laid the foundation for electronic communications, the electro-magnet. By 1830, an American, Joseph Henry used Sturgeon’s device to send an electric current over one mile of wire which caused a bell to strike. By 1838 Samuel Morse gave a public demonstration of an electromagnetic device that embossed dots and dashes on a piece of paper. Five years later, Congress funded development to construct an experimental telegraph line. On May 24, 1844, the message “What hath God wrought?” was transmitted from the Supreme Court chamber in the United States Capitol to an office in Baltimore and officially opened the first completed telegraph line. Western Union built a transcontinental telegraph line in 1861, and suddenly news by wire traveled faster and reached more people than the parcels by Pony.
On March 10, 1876 Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone. Telephones quickly surpassed telegraphs as lines were installed, because it brought instant communication and connectivity to the common man. Instant communication by phone quickly replaced Morse Code and Mail to stay connected.
Consolidated Freight, Low Rates and Speed
In 1907 James Casey borrowed $100 from a friend to establish the American Messenger System in Seattle, Washington. The 19 year old founded his company on the principles of courtesy, reliability and low rates. By 1913 his company acquired it’s first automobile to consolidate shipments and carry more goods. In 1919 the company changed it’s name to United Parcel Services, and in 1922 it acquired a Los Angeles company with innovative “common carrier” services. In 1929 UPS was the first package delivery company to use airlines, serving all US states by 1978.
On the first night of continuous operation In 1971, 14 Federal Express jets delivered 186 packages overnight to 25 cities. By 1981 Federal Express introduced the overnight letter and expanded service into Canada. In 1985, bar code labeling was introduced to trace packages. By 1995 FedEx acquires air routes with international authority to serve China. Ten years later FedEx announces development of a new Asia Pacific hub in China, and around the world flights Eastbound and Westbound.
The first recorded transcripts of a “Galactic Network” are attributed to J.C.R. Licklider of MIT in 1962. In 1964 Leonard Kleinrock of MIT published a book on the theoretical feasibility of communications using packet switching rather than circuits. The concept of open architecture networking was introduced by Kahn in 1972, and subsequently became known as a program called “Internetting”. In 1991 Modems transmitted data at 14.4 kilobits per second. Speeds doubled to 28.8k by 1994, and eventually to 56k. Meanwhile, Bob Metcalf and David Boggs had developed the Ethernet at Xerox Palo Alto Research Center (PARC) in 1973. Xerox, DEC and Intel invested in development and agreed to make the technology free to anyone to build. By 1981 the technology emerged from the laboratory to the public as 3Com shipped the first Ethernet Hardware. As the ability to move parcels overnight has improved dramatically, so has the ability to transmit packets by increasingly high speed connections.
The Next Generation of Supply Chain Integration
Common approaches to improving the supply chain involve faster delivery or lower cost for transportation. Solutions are typically centered on geographic locations of hubs, consolidated carriers and maximized routes. In some cases the response is a galleria of products and processes housed in a consolidated campus, while another strategy promotes multiple regional facilities for geographic convenience. There is a common theme that the supply chain is viewed as a freight problem with a geographic solution. The dilemma of reducing cost is measured in time or transportation, with the scales continuously pivoting to and fro. Sometimes the objectives favor customer satisfaction, speed to market and the ability to deliver, while in other instances the burden favors the bottom line.
Fortunately there is an alternative. It is not about moving products more quickly, or choosing the most economical method of transportation, or the geography. The new objective for business is moving items less.
For years companies have utilized computers and internal IT development to create sophisticated reports that measure business according to antiquated rules. The idea that generating forecasts for purchasing and rotating inventory is based on the assumption that stock must be owned and managed in-house. IT development has been used to provide expanded reports and expedited processes based on existing procedures. This frequently results in a company investing millions of dollars to improve algorithms that forecast purchases, increasing manual intervention to correct predictions in direct proportion to the number of variables. Not surprisingly, such IT investments typically do not yield the desired bottom line results.
Next generation of Supply Chain Integration utilizes network connectivity with multiple vendors to reduce freight, transportation, geographical boundaries and in some cases ownership. IT development is focused on integrating partners in collective, secure and collaborative networks for shared visibility and planning. Data is moved more effectively and efficiently than products, parts or parcels. Ownership transfers when orders transmit, and inventory is managed in a manner that mitigates movement. Vendor Managed Inventory can be achieved simultaneously with multiple vendors and numerous customer partners through sophisticated impartial third party integrators. The exchange of products and purchases can be replaced by a data exchange, creating total cost reductions that benefit the bottom line.
The next generation of Supply Chain Integration can be achieved by major manufacturers, dealers, distributors and service providers through third party integration and common platforms. The greatest savings in the supply chain are not related to a truck, a plane or a warehouse. The greatest efficiencies in the supply chain are coming from IT. Much like the impact of the telephone and telegraph to the Pony Express, the Internet is providing the next generation of improvements for our supply chain.
This concept is already entrenched in e-commerce. Individuals operating home based businesses are selling goods on eBay, procuring supply in direct proportion to demand. It is not uncommon for individuals to sell products on eBay that are acquired from a local vendor or craftsman. The seller on eBay is the impartial third party integrator between the supply and the demand, leveraging the convenience of the Internet to connect the interested parties. This is a very simple example of using technology to minimize inventory ownership by maximizing technology. Imagine how much more effective the solution can be for complex integration of multiple suppliers with diverse geographic locations and reduced transfer of inventory. This is the concept of the next generation of Supply Chain Integration.
We are only at the beginning of this transformation. Some companies have already realized the financial benefits of leveraging IT solutions to maximize and compress the supply chain. Recognizing and understanding this transformation is the first step, what you do with this knowledge is the next. Experts in technology and supply chain solutions are available to help guide you and offer the secure buffer that is your link between multiple vendors. The direction is not as difficult as you may imagine. Trade in your microscope from studying your exchange of products or parts, and turn it in for your periscope to data exchange.
Words of Wisdom
“Technology is dominated by two types of people: those who understand what they do not manage, and those who manage what they do not understand.”
– Putt’s Law
“With leaders, the future calls to them in a voice they can’t drown out. The future is more real than the present; it compels them to act.”
– Marcus Buckingham, “Three Things You Need to Know”
“Reinvention. What a quintessential America idea. It’s the frontier spirit. It’s Ben Franklin. It’s Ralph Waldo Emerson, and by God, it’s Tony Robbins and Stephen Covey too. They all understand the American impetus and genius for wholesale self-reinvention. We survive by staring change in the eye, and adapting.”
– Tom Peters
Source by John Mehrmann
Internet fax services are a great invention that came thanks to the Internet. No longer you’ll need to use heavy and outdated fax machines, from now on you are able to enjoy the speed and clarity of communications for personal matters or for business. Now, from the comfort of your computer you send and receive faxes as easy as pushing a button.
There are different companies offering Internet fax services, for the beginner, this can be somewhat overwhelming; let’s keep in mind that there is still a large amount of people who fax using machines. Luckily, both emerging and consolidated fax companies have made it easier for the beginner to start with Internet faxing thanks to the offering of free trials.
Free trials let people get accustomed to the controls of fax services and at the same time, it lets you get a taste of all the power you can get from their use. You can find all kind of offers, but I have found that the best is to take advantage of 30 day free trial offers. Why? Because it gives you a wider amount of time to test not only the features of the service, but also a very important factor: customer support.
So, what can you expect from this type of services? Well web faxing services have different features according to the company. Among them is the ability to broadcast a fax (sending the same fax to many recipients and fax), scheduling of faxes, integration with the Windows platform, a detailed log of outgoing and incoming faxes, and many more!
Using Internet fax services is very easy and you can get a hands-on approach with the free trials. It’s time to start entering the new World of communications thanks to fax services on the Internet.
Source by Paolo Basauri
” Every failure is a blessing in disguise, providing it teaches some needed lesson one could not have learned without it. Most so-called Failures are only temporary defeats.”
America has emerged into a big melting pot. Why is it so difficult to deal with integrating America’s schools? Let’s review magnet school programs as an example. Some critics suggest that magnet schools increase racial tension thereby decreasing student performance. I would say that it isn’t the magnet schools that increase racial tension. I would consider the environment and other external variables. Given the transformation of the nation’s public schools, American students are enjoying a wealth of diversity. However, magnet schools operate under a strategic fallacy. Let’s look closer.
Magnet schools were created to attract suburban kids to poor, urban schools. Magnet schools were a market-driven approach to desegregation as opposed to federal courts and government agencies demanded race-conscious policies (Armor & Rossell, 2001). These mandatory desegregation plans created several issues. For example, many white parents started a massive withdrawal of their children from public schools into private, segregated academies. This resulted in the demise of public schools by withdrawal of crucial financial support. This left the public schools under funded and inferior (Levin, 1999).
By 1986, there were only 3 percent of the nation’s white school-aged children enrolled in the twenty-five largest urban districts; however, large urban districts are predominately white and middle class (Levin, 1999). Furthermore, whites students of all racial groups, are the most isolated, where more than three quarters (78 percent) of their peers are white. Therefore, many minorities are not exposed to white students than would be expected of the nation’s public schools (Orfield and Lee, 2006).
Today, blacks and Hispanics comprise 56.1 percent of students in the urban areas (Levin, 1999). Many fear the inner city environment. Therefore, the wealthiest and brightest retreat to the suburbs and other places. Parents, teachers, educators, legislators, and other supports ponder if these problems can be fixed.
Armor, D. and Rossell, C. (2001). The Desegregation and Resegregation in the Public Schools. Hoover Press, pp. 219-258.
Levin, B. (1999). Race and School Choice. School Choice and Social Controversy. Pp. 266-299.
Orfield, G. and Lee, C. (2006). Racial Transformation and Changing Nature of Segregation. Civil Rights Project. Harvard University. pp. 1-41.
Source by Dr. Daryl D. Green
Taxes can be deleted or not paid in cases where they deal with evasion. Such examples are, as unreported income or are called under or no reporting incomes serving as a lower tax base to calculate tax and consequently to pay less tax dues. Another example for how taxes can be avoided or removed is by shifting the location of the business from a geographic area to another. Deviation motives are clear, but what remains unclear is economic cost calculation that it costs to the country and the welfare of its people.
Evasion can cause legal consequences in the way of the organization of work by choice inefficient oriented organization. To avoid distortions that may have born between economic activities in relation to each other, given the different growth rates and by a very great change of welfare created by each economic sector to another, as a result of infrastructure changes the scheme businesses will probably be the function of progressively differentiated taxation of economic sub-sector and one from another. For evasion that would be a government “product” that will fight it’s spreading. Evasion tends to melt from the reduction or harmonized tax differentiation in general; you must pay each of us. This evasion will not seek to remain ever dependent on the possibility of being followed and punished. Also, awareness of individuals increase opportunities of non using public services (social benefits and health insurance, pensions, etc.) in case of continuous evasion is a moment to be seized by the government as a factor to be used in reforming its agencies of fiscal revenues.
Of course, that the existence of poor areas and lack of public services: as infrastructure and social services as it is still a hotbed of evasion bearing. Of course, elements that erosion of the tax base implies a cost increase in general government, as in terms of revenue growth, as well as in terms of restricting the supply of public services different areas of the country. I cannot say we are close to this goal, as long as we can still far from being comparable to indicators of collection of revenue in relation to GDP in the last of ’80. While in those years the revenue collected for each fiscal year to the extent of about 46% in relation to GDP, today we are still half of this report. Precisely, it can be called a cost that comes from tax erosion. Policies and words referred to by many analysts it takes the wind affect the achievement of the indicators to be the country’s capitalist development, if it does not contribute to any public employee and manager that has the functional task, but each employee and indirectly related to the fight and clamping of the elements that make fiscal erosion.
An erosion of the taxable base has spread considerably and that attracts attention is the mobility of the taxable base. Changes in technology, those entries with great volumes in Albania, especially those related to the telecommunications technology and processing of raw materials, being followed by the liberalization of financial transactions for the fiscal costs related to the opportunity have increased the tendencies for tax evasion. Performing business functions that have entered in our country from abroad – in the form of companies or MNEs representative, in the form of concentration in local businesses as the organizational structure holding have increased opportunities to their taxable base by hiding fiscal management through the gaps, the portion of income that should have submitted as the basis of income to be taxed. Taxation in our country has been a factor, which so far has led to increased investment, despite that not all scholars may think in this direction. But they must be part of continuous and transparent information to the Albanian public, so that the “trial” of the Albanian society groups have more information for them processed and in this way to achieve and make the appropriate pressure depending on the interests of bilateral social groups, parliament and government.
Movement and change of geographical location map of Albanian businesses is a phenomenon that is impacting the goals and administration efforts to expand the taxable base. This expansion, in which the tax authority has not benefited the large increase in the income tax, has led to shrinkage of the exploitation of human resources according to business mobility. In other words, this means that the structural organization of human resource of tax administration are concentrated mostly in the metropolitan area around Tirana (capital), while business expansion map has gone close to natural resources or lower human resources areas or not trained as needed for control and tax assessment. Order to fit mobility management function of current and future but businesses would be concentration on the basis of administrative prefectures and not as we are until nowadays. Meanwhile, current tax branch, with a lower taxable base will may be functional for the administration of local taxes and personal income tax if they are closely connected with insurance contributions in order to offer quality services coming from experience gained in the central tax administration of these employees.
The threat it has brought that taxable income base in the following years has distorted the implementation of management policies that would be more effective than that. Not all bases are taxable and the same mobile non taxation case of some of these bases is part of distorted taxable of fiscal management. Non application of consumption tax (VAT) on transactions of financial instruments have made the “boil” an income tax, who have not served to strengthen the banking system in terms of its main functions, lending to the levels required by the market and increased flexibility of the system of lending.
Most important factors that explain the concentration of taxpayers with higher incomes in particular geographic areas are settled and infrastructure quality public service-oriented local in help of economy and as a result to nation. Although fees and taxes are the means to affect this concentration we cannot say that it is the most important factor.
In this period of economic growth in a transition environment, the recommendations made by foreign monitors itself has provided assistance by helping the government to make their implementation in a coordinated way and by raising on this basis, the system monitoring the application of these recommendations.
The challenge for policymakers will be to respond to these developments to ensure that the necessary government expenses can be guaranteed and of course trying to minimize distortions of the legacy of fiscal management. By the first view of globalization tendency and threat that comes from this, a strong response to this development will be the time of administration involvement in a greater cooperation and increased exchange of information that has been lacking in all these years. The only ones that have won have been individuals who now feel strong and rich, those who have lost are the states who have unmet services standards and integration time that is required.
Source by Eduart Gjokutaj
Organizations need to provide timely, relevant information to customers, partners, and employees anywhere in the world, to meet today’s business requirements. Some of the hurdles that the organizations face in achieving this are IT bottlenecks, information getting lost, irrelevant and outdated information. If these problems are not looked at properly, then this will lead to escalating costs and erode customer satisfaction which will be a great loss for the organization. One good solution for all these problems is to create and deliver highly relevant content on a portal.
Companies can deploy a unified content and portal infrastructure to meet its business goals. This infrastructure should have tools that can unify content and infrastructure between portals to provide a consistent user experience and tools that can empower non-technical users within the organization to create, manage, and publish their own information to enterprise portals. In addition, the tools enable distribution of trusted, up-to-date, and accurate information to support multiple portal initiatives including partner extranets, and employee intranets and add content intelligence to increase the relevance and targeting of information for end users.
Problems that arise due to IT bottlenecks in the content contribution process and problems due to administrative overhead in the portal publishing process can be solved by empowering non-technical business users to contribute content to the portal. When you need to provide a unique infrastructure for the portals of partners, employers, and customers, you can unify the content and content infrastructure between portals to provide a consistent user experience. When end users need to access multiple applications and repositories for all of their content, content across enterprise applications can be integrated and delivered to accessed portals. Portal content management solutions not only empower non-technical users to within your organization to create and publish their own portal content but also ensures that the information published is relevant and personalized to serve multiple portal audiences
Some of the key benefits of portal content management include the ability to manage more content assets at lower cost, publish portal content faster and improves the reach of relevant content to the appropriate audiences. In addition, portal content management also empowers non-technical users to easily publish content on their own, increase online collaboration with partners or customers, and achieves better, faster integration of content via integrations with enterprise applications.
Portal content management software provide a simple, web-based user interface for creating and publishing content to portals, to empower non-technical, line-of-business users to create, manage, and publish their own content. The Portal content management software also provides a powerful navigation system for editing and updating content within the portal. Portal content management solutions ensure that only relevant content is delivered to each audience based on an enterprise taxonomy that drives content tagging and categorization for creation and powerful attribute search within the portal. This ensures that the content and metadata published are mapped to personalization rules created and deployed in the enterprise portal.
Powerful attribute finders of Portal content management software enable end users to easily locate content within the enterprise taxonomy that is exposed as intuitive, browseable categories in the enterprise portal. The enterprise content management platform of Portal content management software provide robust enterprise content management services such as workflow, versioning, lifecycle management, and security. Enterprise integration services provided by Portal content management solutions enable easy integration of transactional data from enterprise applications such as ERP, CRM, etc.
To access online version of the above article, go to http://www.content-management-junction.com/portal-cm.html
Source by Balaji B
Not all children with autism have sensory problems among their symptoms, but when present they are among the first to become noticeable. Sensory issues can range from being hypersensitive or, at the other end of the scale, having a lack of response to many types of stimulation. However by employing sensory integration and autism therapy these issues can be managed.
The range of sensory integration (SI) issues children with autism face varies dramatically from child to child. Some children are unable to tolerate any loud or unusual noise. Textures of foods and fabrics may be extremely irritating. Something as simple as a clothing label can feel to an autistic child like insects crawling over their skin. For these hypersensitive children anything remotely out of the ordinary, such as a loud family gathering with lots of hugging and kissing, can be too much for senses to manage.
On the other end of the spectrum, some autistic children show practically no response to anything at all. Loud noises are ignored, events or actions that might have an impact on anyone else will pass seemingly unnoticed.
Though it is not always the case, some classic autistic behaviors can be attributed to the sensory issues themselves.
Some children will deal with feelings of over-stimulation by flapping hands, rocking their bodies, and even walking in different ways. Those behaviors may seem odd, however when you consider that their senses are overloaded, those actions make a great deal more sense.
It is somewhat logical if an autistic child is over-stimulated, he or she might alter how they do things in order to try to deal with whatever it is that is proving to be overwhelming. These same actions might also be carried out in order to seek sensations that are desired, but not present.
The main objective of sensory integration and autism therapy is to make their environment tolerable and even pleasant for the child if at all possible. Most sensory integration therapy is incorporated within occupational therapy.
There are many types of activities that are integrated into the therapy to expose the child to sensations of all types; including brushing the skin, motions and movements, music or other auditory stimuli.
The child is exposed over and over again in a controlled environment in the hope that this exposure will help them learn to process the information without becoming startled or overwhelmed. If ST therapy is successful, the child usually becomes calmer and more in control of their actions and other problems, such as tantrums, may also be diminished.
There is debate over how effective SI therapy can be. There are several studies that demonstrate the therapy works well and just as many have illustrated that the therapy has no positive impact and in some case a negative effect.
Some of the controversy with this therapy may lie with unspecialized health care professionals attempting to provide the therapy without enough experience or training. Another point to bear in mind that as each child and each case of autism is different, so the outcome will never be the same for any two children, therefore it is very hard to compare outcomes between two or more children.
When considering sensory integration and autism therapy for your child it is important to speak to a qualified doctor about the potential benefits and setbacks that may occur. Some children with autism simply don’t need this form of therapy, while others will not respond to it at all. It is the individual situation that will dictate the final result.
Source by Rachel Evans
If you drive a BMW 3 Series, 5 Series or X-5 vehicle built between 2002 and 2006 and you find yourself needing to use a cell phone while driving, you must have a BMW Bluetooth upgrade module today. Recent tragic and near-tragic events have demonstrated that attempting to use a cell phone while driving is unsafe, posing a potentially deadly hazard to yourself and others. Meanwhile, growing numbers of states and cities are passing legislation making it illegal to use a cell phone while driving. By installing a BMW Bluetooth upgrade module, you’ll be able to comply with these new laws while using your cell phone with greater safety.
How Bluetooth Works
It is unlikely that there is anyone today who has not encountered, used, or at least heard of Bluetooth technology. What most people do know is that Bluetooth is a wireless technology that allows people to use a mouse and keyboard with the personal computers without the spaghetti-like tangle of cords.
Bluetooth is indeed this, but it is much more. It is actually a protocol, using low-bandwidth radio waves, that allows all kinds of digital devices to “talk” to each other. Musicians may remember MIDI (Musical Instrument Digital Interface), an industry standard that allows a wide variety of musical instruments to communicate and be played by a single person. What MIDI did for music, Bluetooth has done for computers, cell phones, digital cameras, and even game consoles!
Integrating Bluetooth With Your BMW
Getting back to the subject at hand, the BMW Bluetooth upgrade module will allow you to update your vehicle by fully integrating your cell phone into your BMW’s sound system. Using the car’s OEM radio and speakers, you will be able to receive incoming calls without ever having to physically reach for your cell phone. The BMW Bluetooth upgrade module even mutes your radio programming automatically when an incoming phone call is detected.
You’ll also be able to make outgoing calls using the buttons on your steering wheel and voice command. Not all cell phones are supported, but you’ll still be able to take advantage and enjoy the safety of being able to use your cell phone without looking away from the road or removing your hands from the steering wheel.
It’s Easy and Inexpensive
The BMW Bluetooth upgrade module is an affordable way to bring your car’s capabilities up-to-date, and the specific instructions that are included takes the mystery out of installation. Each BMW Bluetooth upgrade module is model-specific and based on original equipment manufacturer parts. It’s virtually “plug and play.”
With just a few pieces of information about your vehicle a reputable audio installer, can have you set up with the correct BMW Bluetooth upgrade module in no time.
Source by Wayne Hemrick